Energy Eficiency for Water Disinfection
Mentor: Cristina Pablos Carro
Phone: (+34) 91 488 4619
University: University Rey Juan Carlos
Partner Host Institution: N.A
Keywords: disinfection, water, solar light, virus, bacteria,

Energy Eficiency for Water Disinfection

This proposal is aligned to the current initiatives of the European Commission in the water-energy nexus, developing fundamental understanding and technologies in this field and its implementation in the European market. The main goal of this proposal is the design of new technological innovations to increase the energy efficiency for water disinfection processes to enhance resilience and to ensure safe drinking water, facing emerging challenges in water quality as the presence of diverse microcontaminants including antibiotics (ABs) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in water sources.
Antibiotic resistance is one of the most threating health issues nowadays (WHO, Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance, 2014), playing water a critical role in the transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance bacteria (ARBs) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) (Berendonk et al., Nat Rev Microbiol., 2015). The prevalence of ARB & ARGs on the environment is associated with the presence of antibiotics (ABs) and antibiotic residues not completely removed in water treatment systems. This project aims to approach this problem by including some advanced final-stage water treatments to further improve the removal of ABs and ARGs from discharged effluents. The use of photochemical water treatment processes based on the direct use of solar energy or indirect use to power up energy efficiency LED devices can be applied to ensure resilience in the provision of safe drinking water.

Departament: Energy and Chemical Technology, Environmental and Chemical Technology, Mechanical Technology, Analytical Chemistry
Research Group: Chemical and Environmental Engineering
More Information:
Relevants projects on the area: 1) Water - Sustainable Point-Of-Use Treatment Technologies (WATERSPOUTT). (Horizon2020 RIA, contract 688928). (2016-2020). 2) Photo-irradiation and Adsorption based Novel Innovations for Water-treatment (PANI-WATER) (Horizon2020 RIA, contract 820718).
Relevants publications on the area: 1.- M. Martín-Sómer, B. Vega, C. Pablos, R. van Grieken, J. Marugán. Wavelength dependence of the efficiency of photocatalytic processes for water treatment. Appl. Catal., B. 221:258-265 (2018). 2.- A. García-Gil. C. Casado, C. Pablos, J. Marugán. Novel procedure for the numerical simulation of solar water disinfection processes in flow reactors. Chem. Eng. J. (2018),